Recognising the Signs of Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is often hidden and difficult to detect, but certain indicators can help identify victims.

  • Controlled by Another Person
    : The individual is accompanied by someone who seems to control them, often speaking on their behalf and preventing them from communicating independently.

  • Lack of Earnings
    : The individual does not retain their earnings, which may be withheld under the guise of "safekeeping." They might be working to pay off a debt.

  • Fearful and Submissive Behaviour
    : The person appears overly fearful, anxious, depressed, and avoids eye contact. They are reluctant to interact with outsiders and authorities due to close monitoring by their trafficker(s).

  • Lack of Official Identification
    : The individual does not have possession of their passport, identification, or other legal documents.

  • Controlled Movement
    : The individual’s movements are restricted. They might be transported to and from work or live and work in the same location.

  • Unfamiliar with the Language
    : The person may have recently arrived in the country and might not speak the local language, or only know words related to sex or labour.

  • Poor Health and Malnutrition
    : Signs of physical abuse, malnutrition, and lack of medical care can be evident. The individual might show signs of being denied basic needs such as food, water, sleep, or medical attention.

  • Signs of Physical Abuse
    : The person may have visible bruises, scars, or other injuries, often inflicted in places that do not easily show.

Learn More and Report Suspicious Activity

Watch the "Can You See Me" campaign by A21:
Can You See Me Campaign A21

Learn about the signs of human trafficking:
Learn the Signs of Human Trafficking

Reporting Suspected Human Trafficking

If you suspect human trafficking, report it immediately.

UK Helpline
: (+44) 08000 121 700

Operated by the Modern Slavery Helpline


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